A bloody toothbrush over a sink with blood from bleeding gums affected by gum disease

The Stages of Gum Disease

July 31, 2023 9:02 am
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Gum disease affects many individuals worldwide and is a leading cause of tooth loss. Understanding the stages of gum disease, recognizing its signs, and seeking appropriate treatment can help preserve your oral health and prevent further complications. As your local dentist in Lakeland, FL, we’re sharing information about gum disease to help you be informed so you can stay alert!

Signs of Gum Disease

Gum disease can rapidly progress without professional treatment. Most of the time, you can spot gum disease due to abnormally red and swollen gums. Other signs of gum disease include:

  • Bleeding gums during brushing or flossing
  • Persistent bad breath or a foul taste in the mouth
  • Receding gums or longer-looking teeth
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Pain while chewing or speaking


Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is often caused by plaque buildup and poor oral hygiene. At this stage, the damage may be reversible with professional dental care and improved oral hygiene practices.


If left untreated, gingivitis will progress to early periodontitis. This stage involves the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, allowing bacteria to accumulate.

Moderate periodontitis is when the bacterial infection spreads deeper into the gum tissues, causing increased inflammation, bone loss, and tooth mobility.

Advanced periodontitis is characterized by significant bone and tissue loss that usually leads to tooth loss. Professional intervention is essential to preserve the remaining teeth and prevent further complications.

Gum Disease Treatment

The earliest stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis, can effectively be treated with improved oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and routine cleanings. More advanced gum disease will require additional gum disease treatment, such as:

  • Professional deep cleanings
  • Medication
  • Restorative treatments
  • Surgery

Help Prevent Gum Disease with Routine Cleanings in Lakeland, FL

Maintaining regular dental visits and good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent gum disease and other dental emergencies so you can enjoy optimal oral health. However, recognizing the signs of gum disease early and seeking prompt treatment can help restore compromised gums. Contact Imperial Christina Dental Care today to schedule your visit with our team!